The sunny side of the moon is as hot as an oven while the shaded side of the moon is extremely cold.
The Earth’s atmosphere prevents these extremes. During the day, the sun slowly warms the atmosphere and at night some of this heat escapes back into space and it becomes cooler. How hot and cold locations are on the Earth will depend on:
Climate describes how the weather behaves over a normal year for a particular location. However every year the weather can be a little different from the previous year. Occasionally there may be an abnormal year like a drought but the weather will soon go back to normal.
Aftermath of hurricane Katrina