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Hoppers are temporary storage containers that allow the material being stored to be filled from the top and to pour out of the bottom through gate. Hoppers are used for the short-term storage of dry bulk cargo on land. Conveyor belts are used to transport the material to the top of the hopper where it falls in.

A gate at the bottom of the hopper allows the material to pour out into truck or rail cars when they are placed under the hoppers.  Trucks can drive under some hoppers to be filled up and driven away.

Silos are for long-term storage of bulk material on land.

Wheat is often stored in large silos.

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