Image supplied courtesy of Port of Melbourne Corporation.
Roll-on roll-off ships and vehicle ships
Both these types of ships have ramps. Vehicle ships are designed to transport cars, trucks etc which are simply driven on and off the ship.
The roll-on roll-off ships can use forklifts to load the cargo.
These ships are designed to transport people. They may take passengers on short holiday cruises or on longer voyages around the world.
The ships of the Royal Australian Navy and other navies visiting Australia also need to dock at ports. Large ones, like aircraft carriers, have to anchor in the harbour when they are too large to go alongside a wharf.