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Mangrove adaptations     

What does it take for a flowering plant to live in the intertidal zone? These are some of the challenges that mangroves must deal with:

  • Salty water
  • Constant water will rot many types of wood
  • Being covered by seawater twice a day and then being exposed to the air as the tides move in and out
  • Mud with no oxygen for the roots
  • Waves or flooding rivers
  • Wind, storms and cyclones
  • Survival of seeds and seedlings in the sea 
  • Most don’t cope with cold water or large waves

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