Most mangroves live in tropical waters. A mangrove forest will have many species of plants which can include trees, shrubs, palms and ferns. The warmer waters are home to more species. Also high rainfall increases the number of species. The most species are found in the north east of Australia.
Most mangroves live in shallow protected waters along the coast, in estuaries and along river banks that have tidal changes from the sea.
In the cooler waters of southern Australia there is only one species of mangrove called the Grey Mangrove.